With air conditioned homes, cars, and offices, many Don’t Be a Victim of the Heat of us don’t ever think about the dangers of too much heat. If TSHTF, this will change in a hurry, especially for those who live closer to the equator. I, myself, live in South Texas, and in the middle of the summer it takes me less than a minute to start sweating when I go outside. Imagine how much worse it would be without air conditioning!

You might think that in a disaster scenario you still won’t be outside much anyway. You are wrong. There are multiple reasons to go outside in a disaster: to pick up debris, gather food, collect water, search for supplies, build shelter, etc. And even if you don’t go outside much, it is going to get very hot in your once cool home. Here, then, are some signs that someone is succumbing to the heat and how to deal with it.

Heat Cramps

Symptoms: Cramps in the stomach, arms, or legs. This occurs when there is not enough salt in the body, usually from sweating it all out. It’s why they put sodium in Gatorade.

Treatment: First, have the person lie down in the shade. Meanwhile, put a teaspoon of salt in a liter of boiled water and have them drink it. Repeat this every hour until the cramps are gone.

Heat Exhaustion

Symptoms: The person is weak, pale, nauseous, and possibly dizzy. The skin is moist and cool and the pulse is weak but fast.

Treatment: Have him/her lie down in the shade. Raise the legs and gently massage them. As with heat cramps, the best remedy is a teaspoon of salt in a liter of water.

Heat Stroke

Although heat stroke is rare, it is very dangerous and it’s important that you prevent it before it happens. Note that it happens more often to heavy drinkers and the elderly.

Symptoms: The skin is red, very hot, and dry. Even the armpits aren’t sweaty. The person has a very high fever, and often unconscious.

Treatment: Immediately move him/her to a cool, shaded place, removed heat retaining clothing and elevate the legs. Now soak the victim with cool water (ice water if you have it) and fan him with something. If conscious, give him/her salt water to drink. Finally, move the victim to a hospital. If this is not possible, keep cooling and hydrating the victim until his/her body temperature returns to normal.

Know the Difference

Heat stroke is far more serious than heat exhaustion, so it’s important you know the difference between the two.

Don’t Be a Victim of the Heat

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